The Mercedes W123 is a range of executive cars produced by German manufacturer Mercedes-Benz between 1976 and 1985. Mercedes-Benz introduced the W123 four-door versions on 29 January 1976. Introduced innovations including ABS (optional from August, 1980), a retractable steering column and an airbag for the driver (optional from 1982). Power (vacuum servo) assisted disc brakes were standard on all W123s and many more, these models surpassed their predecessor (Mercedes-Benz W114), as the most successful Mercedes. This was after selling 2.7 million cars before replacement by the Mercedes-Benz W124 after 1985.
As usual, model names were related to engine sizes, type of engine and chassis type:
– C for Coupé
– T for Tourismus und Transport (estate/station wagon)
– The long-wheelbase model was simply called “Lang” (long)
– D for Diesel
– Turbo for Turbodiesel
– E for Einspritzung (fuel injection)
As for the chassis codes, W123 is the regular sedan, S123 the estate, C123 the coupé, V123 the Lang, and F123 for the bare chassis as used for ambulances and other conversions.